Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications vol:402 issue:3 pages:531-536
N-(p-amylcinnamoyl)anthranilic acid (ACA), a phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) inhibitor, is structurally-related to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) of the fenamate group and may also modulate various ion channels. We used the whole-cell, patch-clamp technique at room temperature to investigate the effects of ACA on the Ca(2+)-activated chloride current (I(Cl(Ca))) and other chloride currents in isolated pig cardiac ventricular myocytes. ACA reversibly inhibited I(Cl(Ca)) in a concentration-dependent manner (IC(50)=4.2 μM, n(Hill)=1.1), without affecting the L-type Ca(2+) current. Unlike ACA, the non-selective PLA(2) inhibitor bromophenacyl bromide (BPB; 50 μM) had no effect on I(Cl(Ca)). In addition, the analgesic NSAID structurally-related to ACA, diclofenac (50 μM) also had no effect on I(Cl(Ca)), whereas the current in the same cells could be suppressed by chloride channel blockers flufenamic acid (FFA; 100 μM) or 4,4'-diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid (DIDS;100 μM). Besides I(Cl(Ca)), ACA (50 μM) also suppressed the cAMP-activated chloride current, but to a lesser extent. It is proposed that the inhibitory effects of ACA on I(Cl(Ca)) are PLA(2)-independent and that the drug may serve as a useful tool in understanding the nature and function of cardiac anion channels.