Biotechnology and Bioengineering vol:86 issue:1 pages:63-71
Extracted tomato polygalacturonase was purified by cation-exchange chromatography (and gel filtration) and characterized for molar mass, isoelectric point, as well as optimal pH for polygalacturonase activity. The enzymatic reaction of purified tomato polygalacturonase on polygalacturonic acid as substrate was investigated during a combined high-pressure/temperature treatment in a temperature range of 25degrees to 80degreesC and in a pressure range of 0.1 to 500 MPa at pH 4.4 (the pH of tomato-based products). The optimal temperature for initial tomato polygalacturonase activity in the presence of polygalacturonic acid at atmospheric pressure is about 55degrees to 60degreesC. The optimal temperature for initial tomato polygalacturonase activity during processing shifted to lower values at elevated pressure as compared with atmospheric pressure, and the catalytic activity of pure tomato polygalacturonase decreased with increasing pressure, which was mostly pronounced at higher temperatures. The elution profiles of the degradation products on high-performance anion-exchange chromatography indicated that for both thermal and high-pressure treatment all oligomers were present in very small amounts in the initial stage of polygalacturonase activity. The amounts of monomer and small oligomers increased with increasing incubation times, whereas the amount of larger oligomers decreased due to further degradation. (C) 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.