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Title: Does female employment reduce fertility rates? Evidence from the Senegalese horticultural export sector
Authors: Van den Broeck, Goedele
Maertens, Miet
Issue Date: Aug-2014
Conference: Triennial Conference of the European Association of Agricultural Economists edition:14 location:Ljubljana, Slovenia date:26-29 August 2014
Article number: 487
Abstract: The recent horticultural export boom in Senegal has created new off-farm wage employment opportunities for the rural population, especially for women. We hypothesise that female wage employment may lower fertility rates through an income effect, an empowerment effect and a substitution effect, and address this question empirically using household survey data and two different regression techniques (a Difference-in-Differences estimator and an Instrumental Variable approach). We find that besides education, female employment has a significant negative effect on fertility rates. Reducing fertility rates is considered as a prerequisite for reaching the MDGs, and our finding implies that the horticultural export boom and associated employment may indirectly contribute to this.
URI: 
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IMa
Appears in Collections:Division of Bioeconomics

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