International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging vol:31 issue:1 pages:143-50
Pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) is the recommended treatment in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). Prediction of outcome after PEA remains challenging. In search for pre-operative predictors we evaluated non-invasive parameters measured by chest CT-scan and echocardiography. Between May 2004 and January 2009, 52 consecutive patients with CTEPH who underwent PEA (59.6 % female, mean age 58.9 ± 13.4 years) were included. Prior to surgery, pulmonary artery (PA) diameter indices were calculated by chest CT scan and different echocardiographic measurements to evaluate pulmonary hypertension were obtained. Hemodynamic improvement after PEA was defined as a pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) <500 dyn s cm(-5) and a mean pulmonary artery pressure <35 mmHg 3 days after PEA. Mortality was evaluated at day 30. Mean pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) at baseline was 40.1 ± 8.5 mmHg, with a PVR of 971 ± 420 dyn s cm(-5). Persistent pulmonary hypertension was observed in 15 patients (28.8 %). Gender, pre-operative mean PAP, PA diameter indices, and tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion were all predictors for hemodynamic improvement after PEA. The indexed PA diameter on CT was the only independent predictor for hemodynamic improvement: 19.4 ± 2.4 versus 22.9 ± 4.9 mm/m(2) in those without improvement (OR 0.76: 95 % CI 0.58-0.99, p = 0.04). All patients who died within 30 days (9.6 %) had persistent pulmonary hypertension, with a post-operative mean PAP of 51.6 ± 14.1 mmHg and PVR of 692 ± 216 dyn s cm(-5). The pre-operative PA diameter indexed for body surface area is the only independent predictor for hemodynamic improvement after PEA in CTEPH patients. In all patients who died within 30 days after PEA, persistent pulmonary hypertension was present.