Composites A, Applied Science and Manufacturing vol:68 pages:289-295
Penetration impact resistance is one of the key advantages of self-reinforced composites. This is typically measured using the same setup as for brittle fibre composites. However, issues with the test configuration for falling weight impact tests are reported. Similar issues have been found in literature for other composites incorporating ductile fibres. If the dimensions of the test samples are too small relative to the clamping device, then the test samples can heavily deform by wrinkling and necking. These unwanted mechanisms should be avoided as they absorb additional energy compared to properly tested samples. Furthermore, these mechanisms are found to occur more easily at lower compaction temperatures due to the lower interlayer bonding. In conclusions, the sample dimensions of ductile fibre composites should be carefully selected for penetration impact testing. If wrinkling or necking is observed, then the sample dimensions need to be increased.