Title: Impact of metal pollution on fungal diversity and community structures
Authors: Op De Beeck, Michiel ×
Lievens, Bart
Busschaert, Pieter
Rineau, François
Smits, Mark
Vangronsveld, Jaco
Colpaert, Jan V. #
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Blackwell Science
Series Title: Environmental Microbiology vol:17 issue:6 pages:2035-2047
Abstract: The impact of metal pollution on plant communities has been studied extensively in the past, but little is known about the effects of metal pollution on fungal communities that occur in metal-polluted soils. Metal-tolerant ecotypes of the ectomycorrhizal fungus Suillus luteus are frequently found in pioneer pine forests in the Campine region in Belgium on metal-polluted soils. We hypothesized that metal pollution would play an important role in shaping below-ground fungal communities that occur in these soils and that Suillus luteus would be a dominant player. To test these hypotheses, the fungal communities in a young pine plantation in soil polluted with zinc, and cadmium were studied using 454 amplicon pyrosequencing. Results show that zinc, cadmium and soil organic matter content were strongly correlated with the fungal community composition, but no effects on fungal diversity were observed. As hypothesized, S. luteus was found to be a dominant member of the studied fungal communities. However, other dominant fungal species, such as Sistotrema sp., Wilcoxina mikolae and Cadophora finlandica were found as well. Their presence in metal-polluted sites is discussed.
ISSN: 1462-2912
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Bioengineering Technology TC, Technology Campus De Nayer Sint-Katelijne-Waver
Technologiecluster Bioengineering Technologie
Gynaecological Oncology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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