Title: Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers Increase Tolerance of Cells to Copper and Cisplatin
Authors: Spincemaille, Pieter *
Chandhok, G. *
Zibert, A.
Schmidt, H.
Verbeek, Jef
Chaltin, Patrick
Cammue, Bruno ×
Cassiman, David
Thevissen, Karin #
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Shared Science Publishers OG
Series Title: Microbial Cell vol:1 issue:11 pages:352-364
Abstract: The human pathology Wilson disease (WD) is characterized by toxic copper (Cu) accumulation in brain and liver, resulting in, among other indications, mitochondrial dysfunction and apoptosis of hepatocytes. In an effort to identify novel compounds that can alleviate Cu-induced toxicity, we screened the Pharmakon 1600 repositioning library using a Cu-toxicity yeast screen. We identified 2 members of the drug class of Angiotensin II Type 1 receptor blockers (ARBs) that could increase yeast tolerance to Cu, namely Candesartan and Losartan. Subsequently, we show that specific ARBs can increase yeast tolerance to Cu and/or the chemotherapeutic agent cisplatin (Cp). The latter also induces mitochondrial dysfunction and apoptosis in mammalian cells. We further demonstrate that specific ARBs can prevent the prevalence of Cu-induced apoptotic markers in yeast, with Candesartan Cilexetil being the ARB which demonstrated most pronounced reduction of apoptosis-related markers. Next, we tested the sensitivity of a selection of yeast knockout mutants affected in detoxification of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and Cu for Candesartan Cilexetil rescue in presence of Cu. These data indicate that Candesartan Cilexetil increases yeast tolerance to Cu irrespectively of major ROS-detoxifying proteins. Finally, we show that specific ARBs can increase mammalian cell tolerance to Cu, as well as decrease the prevalence of Cu-induced apoptotic markers. All the above point to the potential of ARBs in preventing Cu-induced toxicity in yeast and mammalian cells.
ISSN: 2311-2638
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Centre of Microbial and Plant Genetics
Intellectual Property
* (joint) first author
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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