Materials Science and Technology vol:31 issue:8 pages:917-923
AlSi10Mg is a typical casting alloy which is, due to its high strength/density ratio and thermal properties, highly demanded in aerospace and automotive industries . The alloy combination of aluminium, silicon and magnesium results in a significant increase in strength and hardness which might even reach 300 MPa and 100 HBS, respectively, by applying a proper heat treatment . Selective Laser Melting (SLM) of AlSi10Mg, may be interesting to open new application areas such as heat sinks with complicated geometry , and therefore is taken under investigation in this study. The process optimization of SLM for this alloy is not straightforward due to high reflectivity and conductivity of the material. In this study, the main goal is to optimize the process parameters, namely scan speed, scan spacing and laser power, to achieve almost full density and good surface quality taking productivity as a key issue. A relative density up to 99% is achieved with an average roughness (Ra) of about 20 µm measured on horizontal top surfaces while the scanning productivity is about 4.4 mm3 /s. The reasons spherical and irregular porosity formed are investigated. Moreover, microstructural analysis of the SLM samples is conducted.