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Title: Destruction and formation of dioxin-like PCBs in dedicated full scale waste incinerators
Authors: Van Caneghem, Jo ×
Block, Chantal
Vandecasteele, Carlo #
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Series Title: CHEMOSPHERE vol:94 pages:42-47
Abstract: Destruction and formation of dioxin-like PCBs in full scale waste incinerators is studied by analysing input waste streams and boiler and fly ash of a grate furnace incinerator (GFI) incinerating MSW, of a Fluidised Bed Combustor (FBC) incinerating a mix of 50% sludge, 25% refuse derived fuel (RDF) and 25% automotive shredder residue (ASR) and of a rotary kiln incinerator (RKI) incinerating hazardous waste. The dioxin-like PCB fingerprints of the waste inputs show that PCB oils Aroclor 1242 and Aroclor 1254 late are the major dioxin-like PCB contamination source of sludge, RDF and ASR. The dioxin-like PCB fingerprints of the waste inputs are clearly different from the fingerprints of the outputs i.e. boiler and fly ash, indicating that in full scale waste incinerators dioxin-like PCBs in the input waste are destroyed and other dioxin-like PCBs are newly formed in the post combustion zone. The dioxin-like PCB fingerprint of boiler and fly ash of all three incinerators corresponds well to the fly ash fingerprint obtained in lab scale de novo synthesis experiments, indicating that dioxin-like PCBs are mainly formed through this mechanism. The high PCB concentration in the input waste mix of the RKI does not promote the formation of dioxin-like PCBs through precursor condensation.
ISSN: 0045-6535
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Materials Technology TC, Campus Group T Leuven
Process Engineering for Sustainable Systems Section
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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