Authors: Benedict, G. Fritz ×
McArthur, Barbara E
Feast, Michael W
Barnes, Thomas G
Harrison, Thomas E
Bean, Jacob L
Menzies, John W
Chaboyer, Brian
Fossati, Luca
Nesvacil, Nicole
Smith, Horace A
Kolenberg, Katrien
Laney, C. D
Kochukhov, Oleg
Nelan, Edmund P
Shulyak, D. V
Taylor, Denise
Freedman, Wendy L #
Issue Date: 2011
Series Title: ASTRONOMICAL JOURNAL vol:142 issue:6 pages:187-207
Abstract: We present new absolute trigonometric parallaxes and proper motions for seven Population II variable stars---five RR Lyr variables: RZ Cep, XZ Cyg, SU Dra, RR Lyr, and UV Oct; and two type 2 Cepheids: VY Pyx and kappa Pav. We obtained these results with astrometric data from Fine Guidance Sensors, white-light interferometers on Hubble Space Telescope. We find absolute parallaxes in milliseconds of arc: RZ Cep, 2.12 ± 0.16 mas XZ Cyg, 1.67 ± 0.17 mas SU Dra, 1.42 ± 0.16 mas RR Lyr, 3.77 ± 0.13 mas UV Oct, 1.71 ± 0.10 mas VY Pyx, 6.44 ± 0.23 mas and kappa Pav, 5.57 ± 0.28 mas an average sigmapi/pi = 5.4%. With these parallaxes, we compute absolute magnitudes in V and K bandpasses corrected for interstellar extinction and Lutz-Kelker-Hanson bias. Using these RR Lyrae variable star absolute magnitudes, we then derive zero points for MV -[Fe/H] and MK -[Fe/H]-log P relations. The technique of reduced parallaxes corroborates these results. We employ our new results to determine distances and ages of several Galactic globular clusters and the distance of the Large Magellanic Cloud. The latter is close to that previously derived from Classical Cepheids uncorrected for any metallicity effect, indicating that any such effect is small. We also discuss the somewhat puzzling results obtained for our two type 2 Cepheids.

Based on observations made with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, obtained at the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS5-26555.
ISSN: 0004-6256
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Institute of Astronomy
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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