The present study demonstrated that a more differentiated view of positive parenting practices is necessary in the study of children’s acquisition of self-regulation. Here, the unique contributions of maternal warmth and responsiveness to distress to children’s self-regulation were tested in a sample of 102 German mothers and their kindergarten children (51 girls and 51 boys). Behavior regulation and internalization of rules of conduct were examined as specific components of children’s self-regulation. As expected, maternal warmth was positively related to the child’s behavior regulation.
Responsiveness to distress was positively linked to the child’s internalization of rules of conduct. No significant interactions between maternal parenting and either the child’s gender or effortful control were found. The results are discussed with regard to the unique functions that different parenting practices have for children’s