Title: Novel multi-targeting anthra[2,3-b]thiophene-5,10-diones with guanidine-containing side chains: Interaction with telomeric G-quadruplex, inhibition of telomerase and topoisomerase I and cytotoxic properties
Authors: Ilyinsky, Nikolay S ×
Shchyolkina, Anna K
Borisova, Olga F
Mamaeva, Olga K
Zvereva, Maria I
Azhibek, Dulat M
Livshits, Mikhail A
Mitkevich, Vladimir A
Balzarini, Jan
Sinkevich, Yuri B
Luzikov, Yuri N
Dezhenkova, Lybov G
Kolotova, Ekaterina S
Shtil, Alexander A
Shchekotikhin, Andrey E
Kaluzhny, Dmitry N #
Issue Date: Aug-2014
Series Title: European journal of medicinal chemistry vol:85 pages:605-614
Article number: S0223-5234(14)00757-0
Abstract: Novel generations of antitumor anthraquinones are expected to be advantageous over the conventional chemotherapeutic agents. Previous structure-activity relationship studies demonstrated an importance of the positively charged side chains conjugated to anthra[2,3-b]thiophene-5,10-dione scaffolds. Exploring a role of individual side chain moieties in binding to the duplex and G-quadruplex DNA, modulation of telomerase and topoisomerase I activities, intracellular accumulation and cytostatic potency, we herein analyzed a series of reported and newly synthesized guanidine-containing derivatives of anthra[2,3-b]thiophene-5,10-dione. We found that the number of cationic side chains (namely, two) is critical for a tight interaction with human telomeric G-quadruplex (TelQ). Along with a larger drug-TelQ association constant, the telomerase attenuation by anthrathiophenediones with two basic groups in the side chains was more pronounced than by the analogs bearing one basic group. For mono-guanidinated compounds the substituent with the amino group in the side chain provided better TelQ affinity than the methylamine residue. The intracellular uptake of the mono-guanidino derivative with two side chains was >2-fold higher than the respective value for the bis(guanidino) derivative. This difference can explain a lower antiproliferative potency of bis(guanidine) containing compounds. Thus, the modifications of side chains of anthra[2,3-b]thiophene-5,10-dione differently modulated drug-target interactions and cellular effects. Nevertheless, the selected compound 11-(3-aminopropylamino)-4-(2-guanidinoethylamino)anthra[2,3-b]thiophene-5,10-dione 13 demonstrated a high affinity to TelQ and the ability to stabilize the quadruplex structure. These properties were paralleled by reasonable potency of 13 as a telomerase/topoisomerase I inhibitor and an antiproliferative agent. These results indicate that the structural elements of anthra[2,3-b]thiophene-5,10-dione derivatives can be balanced to yield a candidate for further preclinical study.
ISSN: 0223-5234
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy (Rega Institute)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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