European journal of cardiology vol:2 issue:3 pages:285-8
The cholesterol value of cord blood has been determined in 303 newborns and their mothers at parturition. The mean value was 72 mg/100 ml for the newborns and 253 mg/100 ml in the mothers. By multiple regression analysis it has been shown that a significant independent correlation exists between cord blood cholesterol and the cholesterol of the mothers, birth weight, sex and the blood group of the ABO system of both the newborn and the mother. This demonstrates that several factors known to influence cholesterol in adult life are already operating at birth. Within 1 month the mean serum cholesterol value rises from 77 mg/100 ml at birth to 131 mg/100 ml in 45 infants in whom it was measured.