International Journal of Food Microbiology vol:111 issue:1 pages:48-58
Two microbial growth models predicting the growth of Pseudomonas fluorescens and Listeria innocua at superatmospheric oxygen and carbon dioxide concentrations at 7 degrees C were validated on fresh-cut butterhead lettuce. Cut lettuce was inoculated with the same strain of L. innocua as the in vitro experiments. The P. fluorescens strain was tagged with a gene encoding green fluorescent protein (GFP) in order to distinguish the inoculated strain from contaminating Pseudomonaceae. Also growth of aerobic mesophilic and lactic acid bacteria was monitored during the experiments. The suggested P. fluorescens model was appropriate to predict growth on cut lettuce. L. innocua on the other hand, grew considerably slower under in vivo circumstances than predicted. CO(2) had a growth promoting effect on L. innocua growing on cut lettuce, whereas in vitro an inhibiting effect was observed. Validation parameters are calculated and hypotheses to explain the discrepancy between predicted and observed growth of L. innocua are provided.