P3 mAb is an IgM monoclonal antibody specific for N-glycolyl-containing gangliosides. The immunogenicity of the P3 idiotype has been previously described by immunizing syngeneic BALB/c mice with the purified murine IgM or the mouse-human chimeric IgG antibody. In the present work we study the antibody response against the idiotype of P3 mAb through immunization with DNA. We used small immune proteins (SIP) consisting on the idiotype in the scFv format, covalently linked to gamma1CH3, the self-dimerizing domain of murine IgG1. SIPs were previously shown to be appropriate to induce specific anti-idiotypic responses. By gene gun immunization, a polyspecific response was occasionally generated, particularly with the P3 idiotype. A single shot of DNA was sufficient to induce a strong and long-lasting anti-P3 idiotype response. In addition, by delivery of the same DNA construct with a recombinant adeno-associated virus the unique immunogenicity of the P3 idiotype was demonstrated. The requirement of T cells in the anti-P3 idiotype response was indicated by the lack of P3-specific anti-idiotypic antibodies following immunization of both, allogeneic C57BL/6 and athymic BALB/c mice.