Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology vol:55 issue:6 pages:777-81
Biotransformations in natural environments frequently involve interactions between microorganisms. Although there are many reports on the interactions between bacteria, interactions between yeasts and bacteria have not been extensively studied. Previously we reported on the flocculation and coflocculation of Pediococcus damnosus by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Now we report that several other yeasts, such as Candida utilis, Dekkera bruxellensis, Hanseniaspora guilliermondii, Kloeckera apiculata, and Schizosaccharomyces pombe, induce flocculation with several industrially or medically relevant bacteria, including Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Staphylococcus aureus. Candida utilis was one of the best flocculation inducers. The results are discussed with respect to interactions between yeasts and bacteria and their applications in industry and medicine.