Journal of Vascular Research vol:50 issue:6 pages:486-97
Insulin resistance, dyslipidemia and hypertension are independent mediators of endothelial dysfunction. It is incompletely defined whether dyslipidemia and hypertension in addition to diabetes mellitus type II (DMII), as seen in the metabolic syndrome (MS), worsen diabetes-induced endothelial dysfunction. Furthermore, it is unclear whether treatment influences endothelial dysfunction similarly in MS and DMII. Therefore, we studied vascular reactivity and the effect of in vivo treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition (ACE-I) or hypocaloric diet in LDL receptor- and leptin-deficient (ob/ob), double knockout mice (DKO), featuring MS and in ob/ob mice with DMII.