This paper adresses the various instances of the Princely Body in the Burgundian dominions and the subsequent Habsburg Netherlands up to the Revolt against Philip II, king of Spain. Still in the shadow of the French King’s two bodies during the principate of the first two dukes, the Burgundian princely body gains in differentiation (natural body vs institutional body) and sacralisation with Philip the Good and above all with Charles the Bold and his claims to more autonomy and sovereignity. Rituals and other forms of communication point at the duke’s body as the essential link between the heterogeneous components of his state and emphazise the dynastic continuity of power. Their Habsburg successors, including emperor Charles V, are in their turn part of this tradition in the Low Countries. Untimely deaths, funerals, political assassinations, gender issues, minorities, regencies and abdication, all point to the centrality of the Prince’s natural body in the affairs of state. This essay also takes into consideration the princely body in some collateral lines (Hainaut-Hollande, Brabant, Nevers) and competiting aristocratic houses (Brederode, Luxembourg, Orange-Nassau).