International Journal of Secure Software Engineering vol:5 issue:4 pages:48-98
Security is an important quality aspect of modern open software systems. However, it is challenging to keep such systems secure because of evolution. Security evolution can only be managed adequately if it is considered for all artifacts throughout the software development lifecycle. This article provides state of the art on the evolution of security engineering artifacts. The article covers the state of the art on evolution of security requirements, security architectures, secure code, security tests, security models, and security risks as well as security monitoring. For each of these artifacts we give an overview of evolution and security aspects and discuss the state of the art on its security evolution in detail. Based on this comprehensive survey, we summarize key issues and discuss directions of future research.