Single-subject classification of schizophrenia patients based on a combination of oddball and mismatch evoked potential paradigms
Laton, J × Van Schependom, J Gielen, J Decoster, J Moons, T De Keyser, J De Hert, Marc Nagels, G #
Elsevier Pub. Co.
Journal of the Neurological Sciences vol:347 pages:262-267
The diagnostic process for schizophrenia is mainly clinical and has to be performed by an experienced psychiatrist, relying primarily on clinical signs and symptoms. Current neurophysiological measurements can distinguish groups of healthy controls and groups of schizophrenia patients. Individual classification based on neurophysiological measurements mostly shows moderate accuracy.
We wanted to examine whether it is possible to distinguish controls and patients individually with a good accuracy. To this end we used a combination of features extracted from the auditory and visual P300 paradigms and the mismatch negativity paradigm.
We selected 54 patients and 54 controls, matched for age and gender, from the data available at the UPC Kortenberg. The EEG-data were high- and low-pass filtered, epoched and averaged. Features (latencies and amplitudes of component peaks) were extracted from the averaged signals. The resulting dataset was used to train and test classification algorithms. First on separate paradigms and then on all combinations, we applied Naïve Bayes,Support Vector Machine and Decision Tree, with two of its improvements: Adaboost and Random Forest.
For at least two classifiers the performance increased significantly by combining paradigms compared to single paradigms. The classification accuracy increased from at best 79.8% when trained on features from single paradigms, to 84.7% when trained on features from all three paradigms.
A combination of features originating from three evoked potential paradigms allowed us to accurately classify individual subjects as either control or patient.Classification accuracy was mostly above 80% for the machine learners evaluated in this study and close to 85% at best.