Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference vol:2013 pages:5029-5032
IEEE EMBC 2013 location:Osaka, Japan date:Jul. 2013
In this paper a methodology to identify sleep apnea events is presented. It uses four easily computable features, three generally known ones and a newly proposed feature. Of the three well known parameters, two are computed from the RR interval time series and the other one from the approximate respiratory signal derived from the ECG using principal component analysis (PCA). The fourth feature is proposed in this paper and it is computed from the principal components of the QRS complexes. Together with a least squares support vector machines (LS-SVM) classifier using an RBF kernel, these four features achieve an accuracy on test data larger than 85% for a subject independent classification, and of more than 90% for a patient specific approach. These values are comparable with other results in the literature, but have the advantage that their computation is straightforward and much simpler. This can be important when implemented in a home monitoring system, which typically has limited computational resources.