Title: Dispersity and spinnability: Why highly polydisperse polymer solutions are desirable for electrospinning
Authors: Palangetic, Ljiljana *
Reddy, Naveen Krishna *
Srinivasan, Siddarth
Cohen, Robert E.
McKinley, Gareth H.
Clasen, Christian # ×
Issue Date: 15-Sep-2014
Publisher: Butterworth Scientific
Series Title: Polymer vol:55 issue:19 pages:4920-4931
Abstract: We develop new criteria that describe the minimum concentration limits controlling the spinnability of dilute and semi-dilute flexible polymer solutions with high molecular weight and varying polydispersity. By asserting that the finite and bounded extensional viscosity of the solution is the key material property determining the stability of a filament during spinning, we propose a new scaling relating the minimum necessary concentration of a polymer cspin to its molecular weight M and the quality of the solvent (through the excluded volume exponent n) of the form cspin $ Mðnþ1Þ. This new scaling differs from the classical interpretation of the coil overlap concentration c* or entanglement concentration ce as the minimum concentration required to increase the viscosity of the spinning dope, and rationalizes the surprising spinnability of high molecular weight polymers at concentrations much lower than ce. Furthermore, we introduce the concept of an extensibility average molecular weight ML as the appro- priate average for the description of polydisperse solutions undergoing an extension-dominated spin- ning process. In particular it is shown that this extensibility average measure, and thus the solution spinnability, is primarily determined by the extensibility of the highest molecular weight fractions. For highly polydisperse systems this leads to an effective lowering of the minimum required concentration for successful fibre spinning (in comparison to narrowly distributed polymer solutions of similar weight average molecular weights). These predictions are validated with experimental observations of the electrospinnablity of mono- and polydisperse poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) solutions as well as a model bimodal blend, and through comparison to published literature data on the minimum spinnable polymer concentration for a variety of flexible long chain polymers over a range of molecular weights.
ISSN: 0032-3861
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Soft Matter, Rheology and Technology Section
* (joint) first author
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

Files in This Item:
File Description Status SizeFormat
CCJ49_2014_Palangetic_Reddy_Srinivasan_Cohen_McKinley_Clasen_Polymer_post-print.pdfOA article Published 57874KbAdobe PDFView/Open


All items in Lirias are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

© Web of science