Theoretical and applied genetics vol:98 issue:6-7 pages:1054-1062
Nineteen sequence-tagged site (STS) primer pairs were designed on coding and non-coding regions in nine published Stylosanthes genes, which were mostly derived from cDNA. Direct sequencing of PCR products derived from genomic DNA allowed us to identify introns and to design specific primers flanking these introns. The use of 23 STS primer pairs for the detection of intra- and inter-specific variation in Stylosanthes based on size differences was tested on a core set of Stylosanthes species. Based on these results, 20 STS markers were selected to determine genetic relationships among 63 genotypes representing 24 Stylosanthes species. A total of 148 alleles were amplified and analyzed, resulting in a genetic similarity value ranging from 0.62 to 0.98 among the species. Based on duster analysis, three main groups and three subgroups were determined, and most of the species were classified unambiguously. Alloploid species were recognized by the occurrence of more than one allele per STS marker, indicating fixed heterozygosity. Sixteen STS markers were useful for the identification of genotypes within a species. Inter-species relationships, as revealed by STS, were in general agreement with previous morphological and molecular relationship studies. These STS markers are useful as an additional tool for the identification of species, subspecies and genotypes in Stylosanthes, with a view to plant conservation and breeding.