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Title: Economic Instruments
Authors: Dubois, Maarten
Eyckmans, Johan
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Elsevier
Host Document: Handbook of Recycling – state-of-the-art for practitioners, analysts, and scientists pages:511-519
Article number: 35
Abstract: Over the past 10 years, the focus in waste management has shifted from solving environmental impacts of waste disposal to managing materials’ cycles in a sustainable way. Recycling materials from waste streams plays an
important role in the new paradigm of sustainable materials’ management and resource efficiency. In particular, it is argued that recycled materials can substitute for the extraction of exhaustible resources, thereby alleviating
problems like materials’ scarcity and dependency. In addition, they can reduce environmental impacts related to mining, processing and production of virgin materials (Damgaard et al., 2009; European Commission, 2011; Acuff
and Kaffine, 2013). This chapter will focus on economic drivers and impediments to recycling. In particular we will discuss how recycling incentives of consumers and producers
are affected by policy instruments like recycled content standards, taxes on virgin materials, waste disposal fees, recycling subsidy mechanisms, extended producer responsibility (EPR or deposit-refund in the sequel) and recycling certificates schemes.
ISBN: 978-0-12-396459-5
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IHb
Appears in Collections:Research Centre for Economics and Corporate Sustainability, Campus Brussels
Sustainable Metals Processing and Recycling
Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB) - miscellaneous

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