Koninklijke Zuid-Nederlandse Maatschappij voor Taal-, Letterkunde en Geschiedenis
Handelingen der Koninklijke Zuid-Nederlandse Maatschappij voor Taal- en Letterkunde en Geschiedenis vol:67 pages:95-111
This article discusses the foundation of urban medical societies in early nineteenth-century Belgium. The scientific ambitions of these societies, so this article argues, provide new insights into the nineteenth-century period of “medical reform”. Their activities show, first of all, how the traditional model of the general learned society was gradually transformed into a new urban society model, in which the practice of science was placed center stage. Secondly, the tensions between this urban scientific model, which developed most strongly in the provincial cities, and the advisory institutions on the national level, such as the Belgian Académie de médecine, hint at a little studied movement within Belgian medicine that was critical of government interference in the medical sciences.