15 years ago, the Flemish Urban Development Policy was initiated. Urban development introduced new concepts in urban policies, focusing on opportunities (for gentrification) instead of social problems. At the turn of the millennium, the De Conincksquare in Antwerp was the prime example of such an approach. The past years events on the square painfully reveal the social cost of this kind of urban development policy. Hence, this introduction calls for an alternative direction in urban policy.