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Title: Chemical synthesis of (S)-4,5-Dihydroxy-2,3-pentanedione, a bacterial signal molecule precursor, and validation of its activity in Salmonella typhimurium
Authors: De Keersmaecker, Sigrid ×
Varszegi, Csaba
van Boxel, Nadja
Habel, Lothar
Metzger, Kristine
Daniels, Ruth
Marchal, Kathleen
De Vos, Dirk
Vanderleyden, Jozef #
Issue Date: May-2005
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Series Title: Journal of Biological Chemistry vol:280 issue:20 pages:19563-19568
Abstract: We describe an original, short, and convenient chemical synthesis of enantiopure (S)-4,5-dihydroxy-2,3-pentanedione (DPD), starting from commercial methyl (S) (∼)-2,2-dimethyl-1,3-dioxolane-4-carboxylate. DPD is the precursor of autoinducer (AI)-2, the proposed signal for bacterial interspecies communication. AI-2 is synthesized by many bacterial species in three enzymatic steps. The last step, a LuxS-catalyzed reaction, leads to the formation of DPD, which spontaneously cyclizes into AI-2. AI-2-like activity of the synthesized molecule was ascertained by the Vibrio harveyi bioassay. To further validate the biological activity of synthetic DPD and to explore its potential in studying DPD (AI-2)-mediated signaling, a Salmonella typhimurium luxS mutant was constructed. Expression of the AI-2 regulated lsr operon can be rescued in this luxS mutant by addition of synthetic DPD or genetic complementation. Biofilm formation by S. typhimurium has been reported to be defective in a luxS mutant, and this was confirmed in this study to test DPD for chemical complementation. However, biofilm formation of the luxS mutant cannot be restored by addition of DPD. In contrast, introduction of luxS under control of its own promoter complemented biofilm formation. Further results demonstrated that biofilm formation of the luxS mutant cannot be restored with luxS under control of the strong nptII promoter. This indicates that altering the intrinsic promoter activity of luxS affects Salmonella biofilm formation. Conclusively, we synthesized biologically active DPD. Using this chemical compound in combination with genetic approaches opens new avenues in studying AI-2- mediated signaling.
ISSN: 0021-9258
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Centre of Microbial and Plant Genetics
Centre for Surface Chemistry and Catalysis
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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