Title: Determination of Halide Impurities in Ionic Liquids by Total Reflection X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
Authors: Vander Hoogerstraete, Tom
Jamar, Steven
Wellens, Sil
Binnemans, Koen # ×
Issue Date: 2014
Series Title: Analytical Chemistry vol:86 issue:8 pages:3931-3938
Abstract: The determination and quantification of halide impurities in ionic liquids is highly important because halide ions can significantly influence the chemical and physical properties of ionic liquids. The use of impure ionic liquids in fundamental studies on solvent extraction or catalytic reactions can lead to incorrect experimental data. The detection of halide ions in solution by total reflection X-ray fluorescence (TXRF) has been problematic because volatile hydrogen halide (HX) compounds are formed when the sample is mixed with the acidic metal standard solution. The loss of HX during the drying step of the sample preparation procedure gives imprecise and inaccurate results. A new method based on an alkaline copper standard Cu(NH3)4(NO3)2 is presented for the determination of chloride, bromide, and iodide impurities in ionic liquids. The 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium ([C4mim]) ionic liquids with the anions acetate ([C4mim][OAc]), nitrate ([C4mim][NO3]), trifluoromethanesulfonate ([C4mim][OTf]), and bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ([C4mim][Tf2N]) were synthesized via a halide-free route and contaminated on purpose with known amounts of [C4mim]Cl, [C4mim]Br, [C4mim]I, or potassium halide salts in order to validate the new method and standard.
ISSN: 0003-2700
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Molecular Design and Synthesis
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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