Journal of Behavioral Medicine vol:37 issue:6 pages:1202-1214
Objective. The present study examined associations between parenting and perceived health in adolescents with congenital heart disease (CHD) using a longitudinal trajectory approach.
Methods. Adolescents with CHD were selected from the database of pediatric and congenital cardiology of the University Hospitals Leuven. A total of 429 adolescents (Mage = 16 at T1) participated in the present study, comprising four measurement waves spanning approximately three years. Latent class growth analysis was used to identify trajectory classes of parenting and perceived health.
Results. Whereas adolescents from democratic households reported the most favorable health outcomes, adolescents from authoritarian, overprotective, and psychologically controlling families (all characterized by relatively high levels of psychological control) showed an increased risk for poor perceived health over time.
Conclusions. The present study found substantial developmental associations between parenting and perceived health in adolescents with CHD. Future research should investigate whether working on the parent-adolescent relationship can foster patients’ health.