European Association of Social Psychology (EASP) General Meeting edition:17 location:Amsterdam, the Netherlands date:9-12 July 2014
There are well-known cultural differences in self-patterns, suggesting that self-patterns may change when people are exposed to a new culture. We discuss acculturation of self for members of the Turkish minority in Belgium, a group that has been exposed to an interdependent (Turkish) as well as an independent (Belgian) context. Cross-cultural research on self-patterns has yielded differences in a) mean levels on the autonomy and relatedness dimensions of self, with Belgians endorsing more autonomy, and Turks endorsing more relatedness; and in b) the relationship between autonomy and relatedness (compatible in the Turkish context, but not in the Belgian).
We studied self-patterns (as measured by both level and relationship of autonomy and relatedness) in a group of Turkish Belgians, and contrasted them with Belgian majority members. We also examined their (explicit) acculturation attitudes. Turkish Belgians and Belgians (N=125) rated their autonomy and relatedness in their relationship with their mother. As predicted, analysis of variance yielded higher levels of Relatedness, lower levels of Autonomy, and higher levels of compatibility in Turkish Belgians than in comparable Belgian majority members. Multiple regressions suggested that maintenance of Turkish cultural values and traditions predicted the level of relatedness, and that contact with the Belgian culture predicted the level of autonomy in Turkish Belgians. Moreover, K-means cluster analysis yielded a relationship between acculturation orientations and self-patterns: Self-patterns of Turkish Belgians with an assimilation orientation were most, and of Turkish Belgians with a separation attitude were least similar to Belgian self-patterns.