The International Responsibility of the European Union pages:313-338
This Chapeter aims to identify and analyse the elements of EU (European Union) practice relating to responsibility in the military and civilian crisis management operations1 conducted by the EU in the framework of the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP2). To this effect, I will examine the CSDP operations and their legal framework, focusing on aspects related to responsibility (II). In particular, first, I will provide a brief overview of the legal basis under EU law, Council decisions and the scope of CSDP operations (A). Then, I will look at the planning and decision-making (B), command and control and force generation (C) and international agreements (D), as well as specific aspects of responsibility under EU law (E). On the basis of this analysis, I will present some conclusions and refl ections (III) as regards international responsibility,
individual responsibility, civil responsibility as well as on EU and international law aspects of responsibility, and an overall assessment of the arrangements concerning responsibility.