Development and bin mapping of strawberry genic- SSRs in diploid Fragaria and their transferability across the Rosoideae subfamily
Zorrilla-Fontanesi, Yasmin Cabeza, Amalia Torres, Ana M Botella, Miguel A Valpuesta, Victoriano Montfort, Amparo Sanchez-Sevilla, Jose F Amaya, Iraida # ×
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Molecular Breeding vol:27 issue:2 pages:137-156
Cultivated strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa) together with other economically important genera such as Rosa (roses) and Rubus (raspberry and blackberry) belongs to the subfamily Rosoideae. There is increasing interest in the development of transferable markers to allow genome comparisons within the Rosaceae family. In this report, 122 new genic microsatellite (SSR) markers have been developed from cultivated strawberry and its diploid ancestor Fragaria vesca. More than 77% of the sequences from which the markers were developed show significant homology to known or predicted proteins and more than 92% were polymorphic among strawberry cultivars, representing valuable markers in transcribed regions of the genome. Sixty-three SSRs were polymorphic in the diploid Fragaria reference population and were bin-mapped together with another five previously reported but unmapped markers. In total, 72 loci were distributed across the seven linkage groups. In addition, the transferability of 174 Fragaria SSRs to the related Rosa and Rubus genera was investigated, ranging from 28.7% for genic-SSRs in rose to 16.1% for genomic-SSRs in raspberry. Among these markers, 33 and 16 were both localized in the diploid Fragaria reference map and cross-amplified in rose and raspberry, respectively. These results indicate that transferability of SSRs across the Rosoideae subfamily is limited. However, we have identified a set of Fragaria markers, polymorphic in the diploid reference population, which cross-amplified in both Rosa and Rubus, which represents a valuable tool for comparative mapping and genetic diversity analyses within the Rosoideae subfamily.