Renewable Energy: An International Journal vol:68 pages:752-760
The capacity credit is often erroneously considered to be a time-invariant quantity. A multi-year analysis of the incident wind profile of various potential wind sites uncovered that there exist large differences between annual capacity credit figures. The uniformity of these capacity credit figures is found to decrease with diminishing wind time series interval lengths. In recognition of the resulting uncertainty, decision maker risk propensity toward various capacity credit scenarios was investigated by adopting cumulative prospect theory. The methodology proposed in this paper is an extension of the effective load carrying capability method. It enables the quantitative analysis of the attitudes of decision makers with regard to deviations (gains and losses) from the forecasted capacity credit as a result of the uncertainty of the incident wind profile. Here, gains and losses may not be viewed by decision makers as having equal but opposite effects on the appeal of wind power production. Therefore, it is argued that a decision maker will not have a neutral risk propensity toward changes to the outcome of the capacity credit and will discount increases and decreases of the loss of load expectation according to a non-linear preference. In line with the well-known adagium that losses loom larger than gains the value of the capacity credit is found to be lower than its corresponding least squares forecast.