Architecture Research Moments edition:01 location:Brussels date:17- 18 Janurary 2014
This paper will discuss what ‘social sustainability’ can be, through my experience of exploring the Eat-scape concepts and cases from architecture and urban design perspective.
Today the field of architecture and urban design focuses ‘sustainability’ generally on minimize the negative environmental impact of buildings by efficiency and moderation in the use of materials, energy, planning and construction methods. This paper will discuss a more specific roles of how the field of architecture and urban design can approach sustainability from a more people centre by creating social spaces for enhancing life quality in present city. As an architecture and urban designer myself, I went off my track and researched into ‘commensality’ through literature and reality case studies in order to explore and expand the definition of ‘social sustainability’ in architecture and urban design.
Certainly there is nothing new in being able to purchase professionally cooked food and eat it outside the home since medieval Europe as indeed throughout the world today (Mennell, Murcott, and Otterloo 1992). Nevertheless the emergence of taverns, restaurants, take-a-ways and street food are also a significant manifestation of the social development of the public sphere (Habermas 1962) (Tinker 1987). These places are not only the noted eating places but also the social centres. Beyond these commercial eating places, one should not forget the everyday eating places in school and work institutions such as the work canteen, university cafeteria and etc. These places emerged in response to the change of society, which was the rise of large-scale factory employment and came to be as one small element in the development of the welfare state (Curtis-Bennett 1949). All these eating places are parts of Eat-scape, this paper will discuss the present and the future of Eat-scape and how Eat-scape can constitute toward social sustainability in the everyday life in cities.