Title: Mineral resources and conflicts in the Democratic Republic of Congo: a case of ecological fallacy
Authors: Maystadt, Jean-Francois ×
De Luca, Giacomo
Sekeris, Petros
Ulimwengu, John #
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Series Title: Oxford Economic Papers vol:66 issue:3 pages:721-749
Abstract: We estimate the impact of geo-located mining concessions on the number of conflict
events recorded in the Democratic Republic of the Congo between 1997 and 2007.
Instrumenting the variable of interest with historical concessions interacted with
changes in international prices of minerals, we unveil an ecological fallacy: whereas
concessions have no effect on the number of conflicts at the territory level (lowest
administrative unit), they do foster violence at the district level (higher administrative
unit). We develop and validate empirically a theoretical model where the incentives of
armed groups to exploit and protect mineral resources explain our empirical findings.
ISSN: 0030-7653
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, Leuven
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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