Journal of Structural Engineering vol:139 issue:6 pages:1088-1092
The strength of thin-walled stainless steel columns has been investigated extensively over the last few years. In European standards, the concept of section classification for determining the cross section capacity is used. In this system, for Class 4 cross sections, the effective width method (EWM) must be used to account for the effect of local buckling. Because of the complexity and limitations of this method, other methods have been developed, such as the direct strength method (DSM) for cold-formed thin-walled profiles and the continuous strength method (CSM), initially established for members made of nonlinear metallic materials. In the CSM, to take advantage of strain hardening, a deformation-based design approach using a continuous relationship between the cross-sectional slenderness and the cross-sectional deformation capacity is used. To a large extent, the CSM yields accurate predictions, especially in the low slenderness range where the current DSM design procedures for members submitted to pure compression tend to produce conservative predictions for materials with pronounced strain hardening such as stainless steel alloys. The present paper presents an extension of the traditional DSM, which provides accurate design strength predictions in the low slenderness range for stainless steel thin-walled section columns failing by distortional, local, and overall buckling. It contains practical information concerning the reference experimental data and draws conclusions about the justification of the proposed analytical formula. The paper is divided into three main parts: the description of the database, the establishment of the design model, and a reliability analysis of the method.