Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology vol:466 issue:10 pages:1933-40
Polycystic kidney disease 2-like 1 (PKD2L1), previously called transient receptor potential polycystin 3 (TRPP3), forms a voltage-dependent nonselective cation channel that exhibits large tail currents triggered by repolarization after depolarization. Since it has previously been proposed that temperature sensitivity of some TRP channels is linked to the voltage-dependent gating, we here investigated heating effects on PKD2L1 currents in human embryonic kidney HEK293T cells overexpressing mouse PKD2L1. Tail PKD2L1 currents were increased by heating to 32 °C, but decreased at more than 36 °C. Voltage dependency of the PKD2L1 channel was shifted by heating in a bimodal fashion: an increase in temperature to 32 °C and to 36 °C shifted the activation curves toward the left and the right, respectively. In addition, heating accelerated deactivation of tail PKD2L1 currents. To analyze the channel gating kinetics, single-channel events of the PKD2L1 channel were recorded at hyperpolarized potentials under whole-cell configurations. A rise in temperature decreased the open probability of the channel. Dwell-time analysis showed that both open and closed dwell times during heating were shorter than those at room temperature. Interestingly, a rapid temperature drop after heating markedly enhanced the PKD2L1 currents at both single-channel and whole-cell levels. The rebound activation of the PKD2L1 channel was due to an increase in the open probability but not in the single-channel conductance. These results suggest that heating opens but subsequently inactivates PKD2L1 channels, which is essential for the rebound activation of the channel after heating.