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Title: Increased Dosage of RAB39B Affects Neuronal Development and Could Explain the Cognitive Impairment in Male Patients with Distal Xq28 Copy Number Gains
Authors: Vanmarsenille, Lieselot ×
Giannandrea, Maila
Fieremans, Nathalie
Verbeeck, Jelle
Belet, Stefanie
Raynaud, Martine
Vogels, Annick
Männik, Katrin
Ounap, Katrin
Jacqueline, Vigneron
Briault, Sylvain
Van Esch, Hilde
D'Adamo, Patrizia
Froyen, Guy #
Issue Date: Mar-2014
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Series Title: Human Mutation vol:35 issue:3 pages:384-391
Article number: 10.1002/humu.22497
Abstract: Copy number gains at Xq28 are a frequent cause of X-linked intellectual disability (XLID). Here, we report on a recurrent 0.5 Mb tandem copy number gain at distal Xq28 not including MECP2, in four male patients with non-syndromic mild ID and behavioural problems. The genomic region is duplicated in two families and triplicated in a third reflected by more distinctive clinical features. The X-inactivation patterns in carrier females correspond well with their clinical symptoms. Our mapping data confirm that this recurrent gain is likely mediated by non-allelic homologous recombination between two directly-oriented Int22h repeats. The affected region harbours seven genes of which RAB39B encoding a small GTPase, was the prime candidate since loss-of-function mutations had been linked to ID. RAB39B is expressed at stable levels in lymphocytes from control individuals, suggesting a tight regulation. mRNA levels in our patients were almost two-fold increased. Overexpression of Rab39b in mouse primary hippocampal neurons demonstrated a significant decrease in neuronal branching as well as in the number of synapses when compared to the control neurons. Taken together, we provide evidence that the increased dosage of RAB39B causes a disturbed neuronal development leading to cognitive impairment in patients with this recurrent copy number gain. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
URI: 
ISSN: 1059-7794
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Department of Human Genetics - miscellaneous
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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