Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile * Facultad de Arquitectura, Diseno y Estudios Urbanos
ARQ - Arquitectura Diseno Urbanismo
Studies of contemporary social housing projects deal increasingly with concerns of how to achieve social integration and guarantee equal living conditions for all. Socially sustainable politics, their coherent implementation and constant follow-up are basic requirements to make this happen. In some built projects, social housing proved to be successful, others examples however illustrate the contrary: too many times, the use of space, and particularly the shared use of available space, seems to be problematic. This paper focuses on the multiple use of space in housing projects and how we can unveil new tactics of planning and designing them. The discourse starts from the conviction that social housing should be considered Collective Housing: when we want to provide affordable housing for inhabitants with less resources, the main issue is how to define strategies to make people share space in a qualitative way. Indeed, concerns about Collective Housing need to focus on qualitative concerns, not only numerical ones of amounts of housing units, average sizes of apartments, calculation of minimal costs etc.
Sampling some existing housing projects -from “historic reference projects” to “forgotten examples to be rescued”- this study tries to extract possible alternative strategies that will invite inhabitants to share space where possible and maintain minimum levels of privacy and flexibility in use where needed.
This paper is part of the Streetscape Territories Research Project that studies urban projects and their public-private gradient: existing projects are reviewed and analysed to be able to come up with alternative strategies for collective use in new projects. For each study, like this one on Collective Housing, the concept of “depth configuration” (Scheerlinck, 2010) is the main parameter: the sampling of projects is done by comparing the project’s configuration of different territories, each containing a different level of accessibility and privacy.