|Title: ||Advancing psychotherapy and evidence-based psychological interventions|
|Authors: ||Emmelkamp, Paul M. G. ×|
Banos Rivera, Rosa M.
Hofmann, Stefan G.
Ollendick, Thomas H.
Van der Oord, Saskia
Vervliet, Bram #
|Issue Date: ||2014 |
|Series Title: ||International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research vol:23 pages:58-91|
|Abstract: ||Psychological models of mental disorders guide research into psychological and environmental factors that elicit and maintain mental disorders as well as interventions to reduce them. This paper addresses four areas. (1) Psychological models of mental disorders have become increasingly transdiagnostic, focusing on core cognitive endophenotypes of psychopathology from an integrative cognitive psychology perspective rather than offering explanations for unitary mental disorders. It is argued that psychological interventions for mental disorders will increasingly target specific cognitive dysfunctions rather than symptom-based mental disorders as a result. (2) Psychotherapy research still lacks a comprehensive conceptual framework that brings together the wide variety of findings, models and perspectives. Analysing the state-of-the-art in psychotherapy treatment research, “component analyses” aiming at an optimal identification of core ingredients and the mechanisms of change is highlighted as the core need towards improved efficacy and effectiveness of psychotherapy, and improved translation to routine care. (3) In order to provide more effective psychological interventions to children and adolescents, there is a need to develop new and/or improved psychotherapeutic interventions on the basis of developmental psychopathology research taking into account knowledge of mediators and moderators. Developmental neuroscience research might be instrumental to uncover associated aberrant brain processes in children and adolescents with mental health problems and to better examine mechanisms of their correction by means of psychotherapy and psychological interventions. (4) Psychotherapy research needs to broaden in terms of adoption of large-scale public health strategies and treatments that can be applied to more patients in a simpler and cost-effective way. Increased research on efficacy and moderators of Internet-based treatments and e-mental health tools (e.g. to support “real time” clinical decision-making to prevent treatment failure or relapse) might be one promising way forward.|
|Description: ||This article was generated as part of the activities of the group of leading European experts on psychological research and intervention, in order to provide an assessment of the state-of-the-art of research in different domains, identifying major advances and promising methods and pointing out gaps and problems which ought to be addressed in future research. A similar critical appraisal with partly similar conclusions is concurrently provided elsewhere (Schumann et al., 2013) by the ROAMER workgroup “Biomedical research”. Experts in both work groups have been selected for their academic excellence and for their competence in the different units of analysis needed to comprehensively characterize particular symptom domains. Their contributions do not aim to be systematic reviews of the field but rather provide a well-informed opinion of the authors involved. They also do not represent official statements of the ROAMER consortium, but are meant to inform the discussion on psychological research and intervention in mental disorders among interested stakeholders, including researchers, clinicians and funding bodies. Recommendations made in this issue will undergo a discussion and selection process within the ROAMER consortium, and contribute to a final roadmap, which integrates all aspects of mental health research. We thus hope to provide an informed and comprehensive overview of the current state of psychological research in mental health, as well as the challenges and advances ahead of us.|
|Publication status: ||published|
|KU Leuven publication type: ||IT|
|Appears in Collections:||Centre for Psychology of Learning and Experimental Psychopathology|