Motor imagery is a promising new intervention strategy within neurological rehabilitation.
However, previous studies have shown that the ability to perform motor imagery is not
well preserved in all neurological patients. Therefore, patients’ motor imagery ability needs to be
thoroughly examined when they are included in motor imagery rehabilitation programs or studies.
In the past, objective methods to evaluate motor imagery were lacking rigour, and participants’
imagery ability was often insufficiently assessed. The present paper discusses several methods to
assess motor imagery ability and discusses their specific advantages and disadvantages. As well, an
overview is given of studies applying these methods in patients with stroke, Parkinson’s disease and