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Title: For Whom Does It Work? Subgroup Differences in the Effects of a School-Based Universal Prevention Program
Authors: Spilt, Jantine L. ×
Koot, Johannes M
van Lier, Pol A. C #
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers
Series Title: Prevention Science vol:14 issue:5 pages:479-488
Abstract: This study examined subgroup differences in the effectiveness of a universal classroom-based preventive intervention. The Good Behavior Game (GBG) was delivered in Grade 1 and 2 in a randomized controlled trial including 759 students. Changes in externalizing and internalizing problems were modeled from Kindergarten through Grade 2. Unlike previous research, a person-centered approach was employed to examine critical combinations of child, peer, family, and demographic characteristics at baseline as moderators of intervention impact. Six subgroups were identified that differed both in baseline risk profiles and intervention responsiveness. The GBG prevented the development of externalizing and internalizing behavior among low-risk children, children with emotional problems, and victimized children. No positive intervention effects were found for children from dysfunctional families and children with combinations of behavioral and social risks. The study presented a novel approach to study subgroup differences in universal preventive interventions and provides first evidence that universal school-based programs may not be effective for children with more severe risks and risks at multiple levels.
Description: ‘Taakspel’ is één van de weinige wetenschappelijk getoetste schoolprogramma’s om gedragsproblemen en emotionele problemen bij kinderen in Nederland te voorkomen. Dit programma voor klassenmanagement gebruiken veel basisscholen veel om taakgericht gedrag te bevorderen waarbij kinderen leren zich beter aan klassenregels houden. Het is het enige schoolpreventieprogramma dat door het Nederlands Jeugd Instituut als bewezen effectief is beoordeeld. Nieuwe resultaten laten zien dat Taakspel inderdaad effectief is, maar alleen bij bepaalde groepen kinderen en niet of onvoldoende bij kinderen met serieuze gedragsproblemen. Dit blijkt uit het onderzoek van Jantine Spilt van de Faculteit der Psychologie en Pedagogische Wetenschappen van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. Het onderzoek is gepubliceerd in Prevention Science.
URI: 
ISSN: 1389-4986
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Non-KU Leuven Association publications
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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