Concise synthesis and biological evaluation of 2-aroyl-5-amino benzo[b]thiophene derivatives as a novel class of potent antimitotic agents
Romagnoli, Romeo × Baraldi, Pier Giovanni Lopez-Cara, Carlota Preti, Delia Aghazadeh Tabrizi, Mojgan Balzarini, Jan Bassetto, Marcella Brancale, Andrea Fu, Xian-Hua Gao, Yang Li, Jun Zhang, Su-Zhan Hamel, Ernest Bortolozzi, Roberta Basso, Giuseppe Viola, Giampietro #
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry vol:56 issue:22 pages:9296-309
The biological importance of microtubules make them an interesting target for the synthesis of antitumor agents. The 2-(3',4',5'-trimethoxybenzoyl)-5-aminobenzo[b]thiophene moiety was identified as a novel scaffold for the preparation of potent inhibitors of microtubule polymerization acting through the colchicine site of tubulin. The position of the methoxy group on the benzo[b]thiophene was important for maximal antiproliferative activity. Structure-activity relationship analysis established that the best activities were obtained with amino and methoxy groups placed at the C-5 and C-7 positions, respectively. Compounds 3c-e showed more potent inhibition of tubulin polymerization than combretastatin A-4 and strong binding to the colchicine site. These compounds also demonstrated substantial antiproliferative activity, with IC50 values ranging from 2.6 to 18 nM in a variety of cancer cell lines. Importantly, compound 3c (50 mg/kg), significantly inhibited the growth of the human osteosarcoma MNNG/HOS xenograft in nude mice.