Title: Contact allergy to oxidized d-limonene among dermatitis patients
Authors: Karlberg, Ann-Therese ×
Goossens, An #
Issue Date: Apr-1997
Publisher: Munksgaard
Series Title: Contact Dermatitis vol:36 issue:4 pages:201-206
Abstract: d-Limonene, obtained as a by-product from the citrus juice industry, was introduced on the market as a more environmentally friendly defatting and cleaning agent than the traditionally used organic solvents. Autoxidation of d-limonene readily occurs to give a variety of oxygenated monocyclic terpenes that are strong contact allergens. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of contact allergy to air exposed d-limonene among dermatitis patients. A fraction consisting of d-limonene hydroperoxides was also tested. Screening with oxidized d-limonene will detect cases of allergic contact dermatitis. Additional cases were detected when testing with the fraction of limonene hydroperoxides. The proportion of positive patch test reactions to oxidized d-limonene was comparable to that seen for several of the allergens within the standard series. An increased use of d-limonene containing allergenic oxidation products in industry where high concentrations are used, as well as in domestic exposure, might result in contact sensitization and dermatitis. Patients reacting to d-limonene often reacted to fragrance mix, balsam of Peru and colophony in the standard series.
ISSN: 0105-1873
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Dermatology
Laboratory of Dermatoimmunology (+)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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