Annual Conference In Political Science, International Relations and Public Policy In Memory of the late Yitzhak Rabin edition:8 location:Jerusalem, Israel date:12-14 December 2012
Contemporary theories of multinational citizenship in Canada often struggle to have universal appeal. Theories that promote a shared identity appeal to the Canadian majority but often push Indigenous peoples away. Similarly, theories that suggest that Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples simply need to respect one another and get on with business in a more just way fail to offer convincing accounts of how this state of affairs will come into existence. In other words, such theories have little appeal for the more numerous and therefore more powerful non-Indigenous majority upon whose success such proposals depend. This article contends that greater consideration for the psychological dimension of citizenship offers a better starting point for building a sense of solidarity between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples, promoting citizenship based on a thinner mutual identification with shared Canadian institutions. It does so by primarily considering the importance of symbolic transformation within shared institutions. The conclusion suggests that citizenship based on mutual identification offers a better starting point. However, greater consideration of the relationship between justice and power is needed to realize more just forms of multinational justice in cases of significant national power imbalances leading to the domination of one group by another.