A series of N2,N4-disubstituted-1,1,3-trioxo-2H,4H-pyrrolo[1,2-b][1,2,4,6]thiatriazine derivatives (PTTDs) was designed and synthesized by a facile route. The biological assay results showed that five most potent compounds displayed inhibitory activity against HIV-1 at low micromolar concentrations (EC50=5.1-8.9μM). Structure-activity relationship analysis indicated that N2-(3-halogenated-benzyl) analogues were more potent than N2-(unsubstituted-benzyl) analogues. The N4-substitutions contributed to the antiviral activity in the following order: 2-/3-cyano substituted benzyl > 2-/3-halogenated benzyl > non-substituted benzyl > 4-halogenated benzyl. Docking studies of the representative compound revealed the binding conformation of these compounds and provided critical insights for the further development of PTTD analogues.