Title: Incorporating life cycle impact assessment in a mathematical model to optimize strategic decisions in biomass-for-bioenergy supply chains
Authors: De Meyer, Annelies
Almeida, Joana
Achten, Wouter
Muys, Bart
Cattrysse, Dirk
Van Orshoven, Jos
Issue Date: Oct-2013
Publisher: American Center for Life Cycle Assessment
Host Document: Fulfilling LCA’s Promise, Proceedings from the LCA XIII International Conference pages:24-33
Series Title: Fulfilling LCA’s Promise
Conference: LCA XIII International Conference edition:13 location:Orlando, Florida, United States date:1-3 October 2013
Abstract: LCA is widely applied to compare multiple scenarios of supply chains in all the variety of operations needed for handling and transporting biomass. Due to the large number of product and operation types, supply chain planning requires choosing the best alternative combination of products and operation types in a decision environment with specific, pre-defined objectives.
To ensure a comprehensive evaluation of the biomass-for-bioenergy supply chain, all operations from crop harvest to delivery in conversion facilities are identified in a cradle-to-gate life cycle inventory. Each operation is characterized by attributes related to energy use, economic cost and GHG emissions. Then, the mixed integer linear programming model is applied to define the strategic design with the maximal cumulative energy output, the maximal cumulative profit or the minimal cumulative GHG emissions determined through life cycle impact assessment. The
approach is applied to a supply chain of low input high diversity biomass in Belgium.
ISBN: 978-0-9882145-2-1
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IC
Appears in Collections:Division Forest, Nature and Landscape Research
Centre for Industrial Management / Traffic & Infrastructure

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