Journal of Medicinal Chemistry vol:29 issue:2 pages:213-217
(E)-5-(2-Bromovinyl)uracil (BVU) and (E)-5-(2-bromovinyl)uridine (BVRU) were synthesized starting from 5-formyluracil via (E)-5-(2-carboxyvinyl)uracil or starting from 5-iodouridine via (E)-5-(2-carbomethoxyvinyl)uridine and (E)-5-(2-carboxyvinyl)uridine, respectively. Depending on the choice of the cell system, BVU and BVRU exhibited a marked activity against herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) in vitro. Although BVU and BVRU were less potent than the reference compound (E)-5-(2-bromovinyl)-2'-deoxyuridine (BVDU), their antiviral activity spectrum was remarkably similar to that of BVDU. The latter findings suggest that BVU and BVRU are metabolically converted to BVDU or a phosphorylated product thereof. In vivo, BVU protected mice against a lethal disseminated HSV-1 infection.