Selection of patients for radiotherapy with protons aiming at reduction of side effects: The model-based approach
Langendijk, Johannes A × Lambin, Philippe De Ruysscher, Dirk Widder, Joachim Bos, Mike Verheij, Marcel #
Elsevier Science Publishers
Radiotherapy and Oncology vol:107 issue:3 pages:267-73
Most new radiation techniques, have been introduced primarily to reduce the dose to normal tissues in order to prevent radiation-induced side effects. Radiotherapy with protons is such a radiation technique that due to its superior beam properties compared to photons enables better sparing of normal tissues. This paper describes a stepwise methodology to select patients for proton therapy when the primary aim is to reduce side effects. This method has been accepted by the Dutch health authorities to select patients for proton therapy. In addition, an alternative method is described in case randomised controlled trials are considered not appropriate.