Freedom of expression and transparency are both essentia
l parts of a healthy democracy. Freedom of expression can be defined as the liberty to express opinions, regardless of their truth and falsity, and transparency as the
enforceable right of access to documented facts.
This article will demonstrate how both rights, ubiquitous in today‟s modern society, are interconnected and complementary.
Considering the international origin of both freedom of expression and access to information, this article
will consider both concepts in a comparative perspective with reference to the relevant international law.
Determining how both rights fit into the whole human rights system, may prove to be an arduous task. Recent evolutions in case law demonstrate the gradual broadening of the field of application of freedom of information.
In its initial stages, access to governmental documents
was thought preposterous, yet it is now considered a fundamental freedom subject to certain qualifications.
Freedom of expression on the other hand, has been a cornerstone of democratic rights and freedoms throughout
history, although its scope has been a topic of discussion